Today on Stateside, a long-time educator discussed how racism and Black history is taught in schools. Plus, a cultural arts center in Detroit that’s finding ways to survive when the economy crumbles but the mission is more important than ever. And Congresswoman Brenda Lawrence (MI-14) discussed Juneteenth, and the need for a national dialogue about reparations.

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On June 19, 1865, Union soldiers arrived in Galveston, TX, and they announced that the Civil War had ended and that all slaves were now free.

The Emancipation Proclamation had been signed two and half years earlier, on January 1, 1863. But many states, including Texas, did little to acknowledge President Lincoln's Proclamation until the war ended.

Since 1865, Juneteenth has been celebrated annually on June 19. It is the African American Independence Day.